Asthma. What exactly is it, its symptoms, and what happens after? Get a quick overview with this 3-minute read.
What is asthma?
Asthma is a condition where bronchial tubes that carry air into the lungs (airways) become inflamed and the muscles surrounding it tighten. Mucus will also be produced, which clogs up the airways. When this happens, it causes wheezing, coughing and breathing difficulties. About 20% of children and 5% of adults in Singapore have asthma, but the exact nature and severity of the condition varies.
What are the symptoms?
The symptoms can vary, depending on the individual. Some people experience asthma attacks very rarely, perhaps only when they exercise or inhale an allergen (pollen) or irritant (chemical fumes). For others however, symptoms can be a very regular occurrence. Some of the common asthma symptoms include:
- Shortness of breath
- Chest tightness
What are the treatment options?
Asthma is not a treatable condition. However, there is effective medication to help you cope with your condition. Depending on your type and severity of asthma, your doctor will prescribe the right medication for you. This can range from anti-inflammatory drugs for long-term control, as well as quick-relief medications for rapid action during an asthma attack. If you have children with asthma, it is extremely important for you to teach them to manage the condition and have them bring around a quick-relief inhaler at all times.
If you would like to learn how you can better manage life with asthma for yourself or your child, call our friendly medical concierge at +65 6679 7867, or email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. For emergency cases, call our hotline at +65 9168 9693.